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Dyslexia and Other Related Disorders

Texas Education Code (TEC) §38.003 defines dyslexia and related disorders in the following way:

“Dyslexia” means a disorder of constitutional origin manifested by difficulty learning to read, write, or spell, despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence, and sociocultural opportunity.

“Related disorders” include disorders similar to or related to dyslexia, such as developmental auditory imperception, dysphasia, specific developmental dyslexia, developmental dysgraphia, and developmental spelling disability. 

What is dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability. Dyslexia refers to a cluster of symptoms that results in people having difficulties with specific language skills, particularly reading, writing, and spelling. Students with dyslexia often experience difficulties with both oral and written language skills, such as writing and pronouncing words. Dyslexia affects individuals throughout their lives. However, its impact can change at different stages in a person’s life. It is referred to as a learning disability because dyslexia can make it very difficult for a student to succeed without phonics-based reading instruction that is available in most public schools. In its more severe forms, a student with dyslexia may qualify for special education with specially designed instruction, and as appropriate, accommodations.  

Serving the Student with Dyslexia

Greenville ISD provides research-based multi-sensory phonics instruction for students with dyslexia. Each student is served by a trained specialist at their home campus. The GISD Dyslexia Program includes the components of phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary development, reading fluency, and reading comprehension strategies.

The instructional strategies utilize research-based, explicit, multisensory phonetic methods and a variety of writing and spelling components to meet the specific learning needs of each individual student.

Instruction is organized and presented in a way that follows a logical, sequential plan and proceeds at a rate commensurate with each student’s needs, ability level, and demonstration of progress.

If you need further information, please reach out to your campus office.

Additional Resources:

2023-2024 Dyslexia Parent Night Presentation

Dyslexia Parent Education Flyer from R10

TEA Dyslexia and Related Disorders Website

TEA Dyslexia Handbook 2021 Update - English

TEA Dyslexia Handbook 2021 Update - Spanish  

Dyslexia Handbook 2021 Update: Important Changes for Families to Understand 

Dyslexia Handbook 2021 Update: Important Changes for Families to Understand - Spanish 

GISD Dyslexia Handbook 

Texas Talking Book Program Link

Learning Ally Audiobook Parent Information